Mohair, a luxury fibre, is only produced by angora goats. Its warmth, light weight, durability and beauty make it a highly desirable textile, sought after by the discerning and fashion conscious.
Angora goats produce about five kilograms of mohair per year in two shearings.
Quality mohair comes in two basic styles, a ringlet shaped lock and flat wavy locks.
Mohair is typically sold in three grades: fine, medium and strong, and this is determined largely by the age of the angora goat.
The type of fibre purchased depends on the intended use of the mohair e.g. clothing, upholstery, rugs, fibre arts, etc.
Although mohair's principal characteristics are similar to those of wool, it does possess other unique properties not found in any other type of fibre:
A most important characteristic of mohair, lustre is the natural sheen of the fibre caused by the reflection of light. This sheen helps dyed mohair resist fading caused by time and the elements and makes it very hard-wearing.
Owing to its structure, mohair can be twisted or bent without damaging the fibre, making it the most durable of all animal fibres.
Mohair can stretch an average 30 per cent over its length and then spring back into shape. As a result, mohair garments resist wrinkling, stretching or sagging during wear.
Mohair is almost non-flammable. When placed under or near a naked flame, it tends to shrivel into a bead-like ash. Once taken away from the flame, burning stops instantaneously.
All natural fibres are able to absorb and release atmospheric moisture. They breathe where man-made fibres do not.
As dust does not come to rest on slippery fibres, mohair is ideal for woven fabrics. Shaking and brushing can easily remove any dust from such fabrics.
Mohair possesses great strength. Diameter to diameter, it is stronger than steel.